Comparing the Childbearing Motivations of Fertile and Infertile Jwomen in Mashhad, Iran

Document Type: Original Research Article

Authors

1 MSc Student, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Associate Professor in Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Education, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Background & aim: Despite the importance of motivation for having a child in the process of infertility treatment, there are few studies in this field. This study aimed to investigate the childbearingmotivation of infertile women and compare the results with those of fertile women.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 308 women, including 96 infertile women referring to Milad Infertility Center of Mashhad, Iran, in 2015 selected by convenient sampling technique and 212 fertile women of reproductive ages selected from different settings. The childbearing motivation of participants was gathered through the Childbearing Motivation Questionnaire and compared using Mann-Whitney U test, and independent t-test. Data analysis was performed applying SPSS (version 16).
Results: The mean scores of positive and negative childbearingmotivations in infertile women were 99.5±9.7 out of 112 and 44.7±10.1 out of 84, respectively. The mean of positive motivation scores of infertile women (p=0.000) and negative motivation of fertile women (p=0.000) were significantly higher than the other group. There were significant differences between the two groups in all sub-scales of negative motivation and four sub-scales of positive motivation. As the results showed, 77.9% of the infertile women and 53.8% of the fertile women had high levels of positive motivation and low levels of negative motivation.
Conclusion: The findings indicated a significant difference between the fertile and infertile women regarding childbearing motivation. It is suggested to offer the appropriate duration and type of treatment based on clients’ needs and childbearing motivation in the counselling and treatment of infertile couples.

Keywords

Main Subjects