The Relationship between Perceived Spousal Support in Pregnancy and Prenatal Attachment

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 MSc, Department of Nursing , Faculty of Health Sciences, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Osmaniye, Turkey

2 PhD, Midwifery of Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Osmaniye, Turkey



Background and aim: Pregnancy is a special period brings various changes to which mothers and fathers make effort to adapt. Spousal support encourages sharing emotions during the pregnancy, strengthening parental roles and bonding. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between perceived spousal support in pregnancy and prenatal attachment.
Methods: This correlational study was conducted with 323 pregnant women who applied to Osmaniye Public Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics between October 2021 and February 2022. The Introductory Information Form, the Perception of Spousal Support In Pregnancy Scale and the Prenatal Attachment Inventory were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 25). The normality of numerical variables was tested using Skewness and Kurtosis (±1) distribution test. Data did not show a normal distribution. The data underwent examination utilizing the Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Spearman's correlation analysis, alongside descriptive statistics.
Results: We found that pregnant women who received the most support from their spouses during pregnancy had a substantially higher median PSSP total score than those who received support from other individuals (mother, sister, and spouse's mother) (p0.05). The level of prenatal attachment increased as spousal support increased (r=0.424, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Perceived spousal support of pregnant women is associated with prenatal attachment. Therefore, it is important for nurses and midwives to evaluate the support perceived by the spouses of pregnant women in the antenatal period, and the level of maternal-fetal attachment in terms of healthy pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum process.


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