Effect of Performing Multisensory Intervention on the Mental Health in Mothers with Preterm neonates

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 MSc Student of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Lecturer, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran



Background & aimThe admission of premature infants in NICU are being worried experiences for mothers. Therefore, early intervention is important. Multisensory intervention enhances mother-neonate interaction. This study was done with the aim of investigate the effect of performing of multisensory intervention on the mental health in mothers with preterm infants.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 60 mothers of premature neonates 28-32 weeks in Bojnourd, Iran, in 2021. The participants were selected using convenience sampling. Those in the control group performed kangaroo care, while those in the intervention group, conducted multisensory stimulation on their neonates twice daily for seven days and then for up to one month. The Goldberg Mental Health Questionnaire was completed by the mothers before, one week, and one month after intervention. The data was analyzed by SPSS (version 16) using the independent sample t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test.  
Results: There difference between the mean score of mental health was not significant in the two study groups before the intervention (P=0.43). However, one week after the intervention, the mental health scores of the mothers were 27.10±9.6 and 44.97±7.37 in the control and intervention groups, respectively which had significant difference (P=0.001). Furthermore, one month after the intervention, the difference  of mental health was also significant between control and intervention groups (16.30 ± 8.22, 42.30 ± 6.41, P=0.001), respectively.
Conclusion: Multisensory intervention had effect on the mental health of mothers with premature infants. Therefore, this type of intervention can be used to promote their mental health.


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