The Effect of Education Regarding Non-Stress Test (NST) on the Anxiety Levels of Pregnant Women: A Quasi-Experimental Controlled Study

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Midwife, Silivri State Hospital Vaccination Unit, İstanbul, Turkey

2 Associate Professor, Department of Midwifery, Health Science Faculty, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey



Background & aim: Pregnancy is a challenging period. Pregnancy follow-ups, screening tests and the unknowns of these practices are events that cause stress and anxiety. This study was aimed to determine the effect of education regarding non-stress test on the anxiety levels of pregnant women.
Methods: The study was carried out as semi-experimental among 208 pregnant women who visited the Non-Stress Test Clinic of Aydın Maternity and Paediatrics Hospital, Aydın, Turkey between 15 July 2020 and 15 July 2021. The “State-Trait Anxiety Inventory” and “Personal Information Form” were used to collect research data. During the study, the pregnant women in the educational group were educated using the “Non-Stress Test Education Booklet for Pregnant Women” created by the researchers before the non-stress test procedure. Then, the anxiety levels of the groups were compared. Data were analysed using SPSS software (version 18) by Chi-square/independent samples t-test and Pearson correlation.
Results: Pre-education, there was no significant difference in the mean scores of anxiety in the education (state: 49.73± 7.45, trait: 37.29± 6.25) and control (state: 48.31±5.36, trait: 38.03±5.82) groups. After the education, the state anxiety levels of the pregnant women in the education group were found to be significantly lower than those of the pregnant women in the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The study revealed that education had a positive impact on the state anxiety level. Moreover, the levels of trait anxiety increased with increased state anxiety levels in both groups pre and post-education.


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